The Kansas Water Office monitors conditions through numerous federal and state climate, weather, agricultural, and agency tools to compile and track pertinent conditions in Kansas. Many new tools and information sources have been developed through federal efforts in recent years that have enhanced the state’s ability to monitor conditions and help prepare for drought.
Drought is one specific climate condition that can affect water resources in a variety of ways. Climate is defined as generally prevailing weather conditions. Drought is a normal reoccurring feature of climate that is defined as a period of deficient precipitation over an extended period, usually resulting in water shortages that adversely affect plants, animals, and people. The degree of departure from normal precipitation for the particular area influences drought severity along with other climatic factors such as temperatures. The key factor is a water shortage for some sectors, for example an agricultural drought results in damage to crops, resulting in loss of yield. The Kansas approach to drought is two-fold, preparedness and response.
The Kansas Drought Operations Plan provides an overview of the agencies that comprise the Team, the process, activities that lead to Kansas Drought Stage Declarations and the coordination of actions related to drought. Drought is a frequent hazard in Kansas varying in location, degree, duration and types of impacts. Planning for drought is the best way to avoid the worst impacts. Numerous sources of information and data are used in the KWO monitoring and periodic report of conditions.
The primary purpose of Kansas Drought Stage Declarations are to increase the awareness of all water users that conditions warrant efficient water use, increased monitoring of water supplies and an appropriate degree of water conservation. Under drought declarations certain permitting and operation of motor carriers transporting animal forage or feedstuffs are suspended in the affected area. Should conditions decline enough, an emergency stage may be declared, making some additional resources available to address drought. When Kansas Drought Declarations are in effect by a Governor’s Executive Order, a map of the effected counties will be posted here.
Drought Planning is a component of water conservation plans developed by water users and is especially important for public water supplies. Drought is also a component of the State's Hazard Mitigation Planning.
Other Links and Sources:
KANSAS DROUGHT UPDATE - Past Reports
Reports from 2013, 2014, 2015 & 2016